A Complete Guide To The CHAR Function In Google Sheets

The CHAR function in Google Sheets is a nifty function that converts a number into a special character according to the current Unicode table.

It’s super easy to use and is a great way to add some fun to your Google Sheets.

What is the CHAR Function?

It’s a function that turns numbers into special characters, e.g. emojis, in your Google Sheets.

For example, suppose you want to add a smiling emoji to your Sheet.

Of course you can copy-paste it into your Sheet, but you can also enter it via a formula:

Smiley Face Emoji with CHAR function

Adding it via a formula has the advantage that you can generate and use these special characters in other formulas more easily than if they are text characters.

As another example, maybe you want some fish in your Google Sheet? Sure, here you go:

Fish formula with CHAR function

Or perhaps a picture of a lion next to the Statue of Liberty:

Lion Statue Liberty in Google Sheets

The point is, you can use the CHAR function to generate thousands of special characters in your Google Sheets and add some fun and self-expression.

There are lots of more practical examples of the CHAR function further down this post.

CHAR Function in Google Sheets Syntax

It takes one argument that is a number. It can be entered directly as a number, reference another cell containing a number, or contain a nested formula that outputs a number.







It converts the given number into a special character according to the current Unicode table.

It’s part of the TEXT family of functions in Google Sheets.

How To Get The Numbers For The CHAR Function

I use a tool called Graphemica to find the number of special characters.

The workflow is:

  1. Search for a character, e.g. music
  2. Select the character you want, e.g. quarter note ♩
  3. Scroll down to the Code section
  4. Copy the numbers after &# from the HTML Entity (Decimal) section, e.g. 9833. The HTML Entity number is the decimal representation of the unicode number, which the CHAR function requires.
  5. Add to the CHAR function in your Google Sheet, e.g.

Here is what this process looks like:

Graphemica Workflow

You can also explore the CHAR formula output by putting this formula into cell A1:


And dragging it down as far as you dare!

Or open this Sheet where I’ve done that for you 😉

The first 32 rows are blank and the emoji characters start around row 129292…

CHAR Function Template

Click here to get a copy of the CHAR Function Template

Feel free to make a copy: File > Make a copy…

If you can’t access the template, it might be because of your organization’s Google Workspace settings. If you right-click the link and open it in an Incognito window you’ll be able to see it.

The CHAR formula is also covered in the Day 30 lesson of my free Advanced Formulas 30 Day Challenge course.

You can also read about it in the Google documentation.

Interesting CHAR Function Examples

Star Rating

You can use the CHAR function with the REPT function to create a star rating system.

Star Rating in Google Sheets

The formula is:


Header Tricks

Header with arrows in Google Sheets

The formula for this is:

="Cohort " & CHAR(8594) & CHAR(10) & "Months after signup "&CHAR(8595)

Here’s an alternative header trick, using text rotation:

Header with text rotation in Google Sheets using the CHAR function

The formula for this example is:

="Sales Quarter" & CHAR(10) & REPT(CHAR(8211),15) & CHAR(10) & "Regions"

Set the text rotation to -35 or -45 to achieve the same look.

Superscript and Subscript Example

Use the CHAR function to add superscripts and subscripts to words, which is especially useful for creating math or science equations in Google Sheets:

Math Equation in Google Sheets

See this post: How To Add Subscript and Superscript In Google Sheets

Playing Cards

Here’s a nice example of the CHAR function used to show playing cards in your Google Sheet, as part of an explanation as to why a shuffled deck of cards is unique.

Deck of cards in Google Sheets with the CHAR function

Fruit Machine

Naturally, you can and should build something silly with the CHAR function, like this fruit machine.

Toggle the checkbox to shuffle the fruits to see if you hit the jackpot!

Fruit Machine Jackpot with the CHAR function

How does this work?

Firstly, we create a lookup table with the fruits, shown here with their character codes:

Fruits Array in Google Sheets

Then we create the fruit machine algorithm with the RANDBETWEEN function, the INDEX function, and array literals:


The RANDBETWEEN function randomly selects a number between 1 and 9. The INDEX function returns the fruit at that position from the fruit array.

The curly brackets (array literals) create an array of the three fruits next to each other.

Every time the checkbox is toggled, it causes the RANDBETWEEN to recalculate.

Finally, we use this IF function to check if it’s a jackpot:

=IF(PRODUCT(B20:D20)=343,"JACKPOT!!!","Try again...")

There are thousands more CHAR characters to explore, so I encourage you to go and experiment.

14 thoughts on “A Complete Guide To The CHAR Function In Google Sheets”

  1. Thank you! As a homeschool teacher who makes a lot of my own flashcards and charts for nearly every grade level, this will be invaluable to me! Thank you, again!

  2. Firstly thanks for everything you put on this site, I have found so many useful tips and learned so much.

    If I use CHAR() and the print (to printer or to PDF) the CHAR() cells do not print, just get little square. Do I need to change the font for the CHAR() cells to get them to print/export?

  3. Thank you for this site. It has been extremely helpful. Is there a site where I can find a complete list of all the CHAR symbols & corresponding number?

      1. Thank you so much, Ben! This is exactly what I needed. I tried making a list myself, but the long hard way. I have saved this list so I can retrieve it instantly. You are a lifesaver. Thanks again!

  4. I have the jackpot table going. I can’t get the “if” code to work. Where is 343 deriving from?

    1. Hi Molly,

      That’s 7*7*7 = 343 i.e. if the 7’s are all showing, then their product is 343 so the first part of the IF is true. You can set the IF up differently if you want though, e.g. with an AND condition to check if each score = 7.


  5. Any tips for printing sheets containing chars? When I go to print, they always seem to dissappear even though they are present in the initial print preview.

  6. I was interested in using country flag emoji while creating a spreadsheet for the World Cup, but this ended up being a bit more advanced than using a single CHAR function. Turns out you have to use a special geo path code to enable these as they are subset of the flag emoji.

    For example “=CHAR(127463)&CHAR(127479)” will give you “”

    Here’s a resource for all the country codes: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1F5F0rvmkdB_3OdBNhU-l9_1VFLOsIt2A12_4qRmUdD4/edit?usp=sharing

    (P.S. Scotland, England, and Wales require even longer paths because they are entities within the UK)

  7. I can insert a fish, or the cherries, or any other character, but they are all ONLY in Black & White. Any suggestions please.

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